potato varieties list

Varieties of potatoes that have medium levels of starch, sugar, and moisture are all-purpose potato types. All rights reserved. Known for its great flavor, the Red Norland is an early-maturing variety of Norland potatoes that was first produced in Nebraska during the 1960s. Russets It is a popular variety of Satsuma-imo or sweet potato that is rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. From Johnny's Selected Seeds. The following article contains information on the numerous types of potatoes that are white. It does not belong to the true yam family, but is a type of sweet potato and a member of the morning glory family of plants and trees. This quality allows them to easily absorb milk and melted butter, making them the perfect potato for baking, mashing, and making gnocchi. Famous for their yellow hue and rich flavor, Yukon golds are in many ways the best of both worlds. It is a common red-skinned variety with high sugar content and moist, translucent flesh that turns gummy when mashed. This variety tends to be slightly less rich in flavor than some of the others, but their unusual color lends dishes an exotic appeal. Get the latest recipes and tips delivered right to your inbox. It is a medium-sized potato variety that originated in North America during the 1970s. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Popular Potato Varieties Russet (Starchy) Russets (Burbank) or also known as Idaho potatoes are oblong and large in size, have a rough brown skin and mealy flesh. The Red Thumb is a late-season type of fingerling potatoes known for its resistance to disease, uniform size, and ease of storage. This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. It is a type of French heirloom fingerling characterized by a high fat content and buttery, hazelnut flavor. We recommend our users to update the browser. Characterized by a firm texture, the Russian Banana is a popular small-sized potato variety that has a rich taste similar to a fingerling potato. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas).Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. Not all late varieties are adapted to short-season climates. Some potatoes are better for certain recipes than others, but if you are looking for an all-purpose potato, try growing some of the white potato varieties. A reliable old favourite that remains as popular as ever! Starchier than new potatoes, they make tasty mashes and, unlike Idahos, they’re great for boiling, steaming, and adding to soups. Color: Reddish or purplish skin, creamy white flesh. Varieties Available by State. This database provides data on GB-certified potato varieties that have undergone independent resistance testing for key pests and diseases. 'Salad Blue' an unusual maincrop potato with dark purple/blue skin with violet flesh. Red Gold. Fingerlings’ waxy texture makes them ideal for roasting, puréeing, or using in salads with or without the skin. Some are mid-season (70 to 90 days) varieties, but most are late varieties (90 to 110 days, even 135 days). It belongs to the heirloom variety and should not be confused with the new potatoes. Potato Varieties (Michigan): the MSU breeding program website. This traditional, first … These can be used for mashed potatoes, as well. Potato cultivars such as Yukon Gold and Marcy hold their shape well and have a fluffy texture when cooked. Your email address will not be published. 19, 2019 This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. For this reason, even mature waxy potatoes are often referred to as “new.” Their thin skins make new potatoes excellent for eating unpeeled, and they’re best boiled or roasted and in soups and salads. Color: Red skin, yellow/off-white/white flesh, Use: Best for roasting, boiling, and using in soups, salads, or stews. There are roughly 4,000 different varieties of potatoes, which include some common types, each of them having specific culinary or agricultural attributes. Potato Variety Descriptions (NDSU):- North Dakota varieties released. Compared to russets, white potatoes, such as Onaway and Elba have smoother, thinner and lighter-colored... Waxy Potatoes… White Potatoes - White potatoes have thin … Color: Light gold skin, light yellow flesh. As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. Use: Ideally boiled, roasted, baked, or gently mashed. How many Different Varieties of Potatoes are there, 8 Different Types of Kale for Salads, Soups, and More, 15 Different Types of Tomatoes for Snacking, Cooking, and More, Barberry – Types, Medicinal Uses, Nutrition Benefits and Side Effects, Cassia Oil – Composition, Ingredients, Uses, Benefits and Production, Fiddleheads – Types, Nutritional Benefits, Uses, Recipes and Side Effects, Lupins (Lupinus) – Uses, Benefits, Nutritional Value, Growing and Care, Goldenseal Herb – Root, Benefits, Usage and Side Effects, 10 of the Best Triple Sec Drinks with Recipes. New potatoes tend to have a “waxy” texture, meaning they’re low in starch, high in water and hold together well. As a starchy white potato, the Russets turn dry and mealy when baked and they contain high amounts of amylose. A small- to medium-sized potato, the French Fingerling naturally grows short and narrow. Good disease resistance. Color: Dark purple skin, succulent light purple flesh, Use: Ideally baked, roasted, or mixed in soups and salads. ‘Red Gold’ ‘Red Gold’ offers a … This testing is undertaken through UK National List testing and the AHDB Potatoes-funded Independent Variety Trials (IVT) programme. In my opinion, are the best for mashing, baking, and frying. Japanese Sweet Potato (starchy) This variety has a pink to purple skin with white flesh. What’s the difference between a Yukon gold and a new red? The process can take as many as 15 years and involves hundreds of tests. All potato breeding selections undergo a strenuous evaluation process before being released as varieties. As a winter potato, or for extensive cultivation for market, it is one of the best of all potato varieties; and commends itself to the farmer, both as respects quality and yield, as being greatly superior to the Peach-blow, Pink-eye, Vermont White, and many similar varieties, which so abound in city markets. Color: Rough, semi-thick, pale orange or brownish skin, orange flesh. (Marshalls) 'Harmony' large crop of round potatoes that can be used boiled, mashed or backed. The Purple Majesty, known for its rich flavor and blue skin, is a medium-sized all-purpose potato variety that has plenty of antioxidants. Characterized by their rough brown skin and white flesh, varieties such as Butte fall into the dry/mealy end of... White Potatoes For the most recent information on potato varieties from the Tri-State breeding program, visit the Potato Variety Management Institute (PVMI). Discovered in the 1960s, the Yukon Gold is a large cultivar that can be distinguished by its smooth skin containing shallow eyes. These factors play a role in placing potatoes in starchy (mealy), waxy, and all-purpose categories. © 2021 (Only Foods). • Russet potatoes —also called old potatoes, baking potatoes, or Idaho potatoes (if they were grown … It was first grown by Jean Pierre Clot, a French farmer, in the Swiss Alps. To help determine which potatoes to use for various culinary applications, they are often categorized based on their contents (starch compounds and solid-to-water ratio) and texture. However, any of the abovementioned potato varieties can be collected in the spring while they are small, young, and waxy. Pictured below are potato varieties created in Aberdeen by our breeders. For a few years now, most of the potatoes I’ve grown have been nutty, early, French salad potatoes. Shape: Slender, cylindrical, with rounded ends. Once you know which type of potato you need for your particular dish, you can be as creative as you'd like when choosing varieties at the market. The following varieties are indeterminate, at least to a certain degree: Potatoes 101: A Guide to the Most Common Varieties Reader's Digest Editors Updated: Jul. Its flavor is … Good for roasting and baking. It has a firm, dry, and fine texture and is rich in Vitamin C and amylopectin starch. 'Rudolph' with a red skin and white flesh. First produced in the 1870s, these potatoes became famous for their use in French fries and they now constitute approximately 70% of the total potato sales in the US. Yellow Potatoes - Yellow potatoes have thin gold skin and yellow flesh. It is one of the most common sweet potatoes available in the market. Although undermined for its high carb content, a potato is pretty nutritious. Colorado Variety Profiles: Norkotah clones 3 and 8, Cherry Red, Legend. Use this potato varieties chart to quickly compare culinary use, storage potential, color, and shape of our potato varieties. Blight, specifically, can also be avoided by growing varieties that are typically harvested before the hot and humid weather of late summer increases the risk of blight. Indeterminate potatoes produce more tubers than determinate potatoes, but need a longer growing season. Here in the US, we classify potatoes as one of these seven types: Russet Potatoes - Russets are large potatoes with rough brown skin and pale flesh. Like Yukon golds, these purple or blue-fleshed spuds have a medium starch content, making them equally delicious mashed, roasted, or in salads. First early seed potatoes take around 80 days after planting to mature and should be ready to start harvesting in mid June 2017 in average areas of the UK. Required fields are marked *. Shape: Oblong, cylindrical, with rounded or tapered ends. (Marshalls) 'Markies' a good all round potato with good disease resistance. Potato, a tuberous root vegetable of the nightshade plant Solanum tuberosum, is one of the most popular food crops in the world after maize, wheat, and rice. Also called the Sweet Hannah or Yellow Hannah, this variety of sweet potato is similar to Jewel Yam but its skin and flesh are lighter in color. That being said, you'll have by far the best success when you think carefully about your needs and select varieties for your climate and situation, because each variety has unique qualities that make it well-suited to a certain place or purpose. Recognizable by their thin, finger-like shape, fingerlings are basically an elongated variety of new potatoes. These young potatoes are called new potatoes, and are usually sold at the farmers’ market. Welcome to the European Cultivated Potato Database Welcome to the newly refreshed site for the European Cultivated Potato Database (ECPD). We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Shape: Round or oblong, slightly flattened, Use: Best roasted; also whizzed into soup. These kinds of all-purpose tubers are good for use in most recipes. When picking a determinate potato to grow, the most popular types are: Caribe Norland Russet Norkotah Red Norland Ratte Potatoes Chieftain Yukon Gold Sierra Rose Sierra Gold Gold Rush Adirondack Blue Adirondack Red Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The site retains many of the features that users of the previous site will be familiar with, including all the botanical and disease data provided by institutes throughout Europe. Jewel Yam. Potatoes are versatile for a wide variety of culinary uses, make a great storage crop and are generally simple to grow. Understanding clone designations Potatoes at WSU , PO Box 646414, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-6414, 509-335-9502 Which is best for mashing or roasting? Use: Ideally baked; can be fried and mashed. It is an ideal choice for making chips because it retains its moisture and firmness after cooking. Your email address will not be published. The Austrian Crescent, also called Kipfel, is a medium-maturing potato variety with a smooth, waxy texture. Color: Dark blue skin, blue flesh with a white ring, Use: Best baked, roasted, and steamed for salads. Oregon Potato Variety Database: interactive database for most advanced western U.S. selections. Each of these varieties fit into one of seven potato type categories: russet, red, white, yellow, blue/purple, fingerling and petite. If you’re looking for a unique-tasting tater, look no further. If all this doesn’t encourage you to include more red potato varieties into your diet, consider this. These good all-rounders have a moderate starch content and are not too floury, not too waxy. 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