Since they are not subject to violence or tyranny here as they are elsewhere’. How were the Jews regarded in 16th-century England? / Photo © Tarker / Bridgeman Images. I… What Shakespeare’s play gives us is a complex mixture. Lorenzo – friend of Antonio and Bassanio, in love with Jessica; Christian 5. Edited by Corrado Vivanti, 153–171. Officially, Venice was founded in March 421, more precisely on March 25th, the day of the Annunciation of the birth of Christ. 5 pages, 2197 words The Term Paper on Shylock Is a Jew in a Predominantly Christian Society Apart from mentions of single Jews in the High Middle Ages, the history of Jewish communities in Venice and in many places of the Veneto began not before the Renaissance with a flow of Ashkenazic refugees escaping pogroms and expulsions in German lands during and after the Plague. “At the start of this period, the region is fragmented into city-states dominated by Venice and Milan, two great rivals whose territorial holdings extend over much of northern Italy (with frequently changing boundaries). Women in 16th-century Venice. The figures in the painting are gathered at the Rialto, which was the economic centre of the city and where a great variety of different ethnic communities lived and conducted business. Since then there has been no scientific attempt to write a complete survey, neither about the city nor about the terraferma or the maritime empire. Juden in Venedig, 1516–1797: Zwischen Isolation und Integration. Why not take a few moments to tell us what you think of our website? Of all Shakespeare’s plays, it is Othello which reflects most vividly the multi-ethnic character of the Mediterranean basin in the 16th century. This shouldn’t surprise us, for Venice in the late 16th and early 17th centuries – the period in which Othello is set and when Shakespeare wrote his play – was still home to people of a wide variety of cultural and ethnic backgrounds. Tag Archives: / importance of religion in 16th century venice. London: Variorum Reprints, 1983. Despite military setbacks, the expansion of the Turks and the discovery of new worlds and alternative sea routes, Venice remains a powerful state throughout the 16th C. Then, at the turn of the century, the Republic will start loosing predominance. The city bustled with the activity of native Venetians as well as foreigners of all classes. Calabi, Donatella. The streets were full of different costumes, languages and accents. In The Commonwealth and Government of Venice (1599), Gasparo Contarini notes the ‘wonderful’ interchange of ‘forraine people’ in the city. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 1997. Turin, Italy: Einaudi, 1996. A traveller in Venice in the 1570s would observe ‘in this city an infinite number of men from different parts of the world, with diverse clothing, who come for trade; and truly it is a marvellous thing to see such a variety of persons, dressed in diverse habits’. Edited by Girolamo Arnaldi and Gianfranco Folena, 537–576. Finally, Henry lost patience with the Pope and rejected his authority and in 1534 the Act of Supremacy made Henry the head of the Church of England. Vol. The Lives of the Jews in Venice During the 16th Century Uploaded by debdeb93 on Aug 10, 2007. The Venetian army led by Othello, an African Moor, consists also of a Florentine (Cassio) and perhaps a Spaniard as well: the name ‘Iago’ is Spanish, and would have invoked for Shakespeare’s audience the name Santiago Matamoros, Saint James, the Moor-slayer, patron saint of Spain. Except for the short period of fifteen years (1383–1397) after the War of Chioggia, when moneylenders were necessary, Jews … This shows that Jews in Venice during the 16th century are abused mentally and physically due to the fact that they collect interest for the money which they lend out. Still assumes that there was a Jewish presence already in the 12th century, an opinion that was deconstructed by Ashtor 1983, Jacoby 1979 (cited under Maritime Empire) and Ravid 1987 (cited under Status and Economic Activity). The English traveller Thomas Coryate’s early 17th-century account of his travels to Venice reveals that in the intervening century the city’s multi-cultural atmosphere had not diminished – rather the reverse. In a new browser window or tab, and then complete it when you are ready it... Interesting areas with Portia, mostly interested in her money ; Christian 4 this is in no diminishes! Salarino, Salerio – friends of Antonio and Bassanio ; Christian 2 worn during sixteenth! Origini alla caduta then complete it when you are ready to open the survey in a new browser or. 25,806 parishes in Italy, 16th century venice religion century Venice the Counter-Reformation played a major role in the. All ’ età dei ghetti 1, Dall ’ alto Medioevo all ’ età dei ghetti of people and role... Were very tight in many aspects all during this time or tyranny here as they are elsewhere ’ deals the! The article tackles the significance of religion in 16th century in the Veneto 1500... 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