The Athenian Greeks, the Spartan Greeks, and the Romans each had their own beliefs about the mind, body, and spirit. Ancient Greece . Ancient Sporting Festivals . Greek … “If I had followed the multitude, I should not have studied philosophy.” – Chrysippus. 10. October 2013; European Educational Research Journal 2(4):191-202; DOI: 10.12973/eu-jer.2.4.191. Test. 192 Germany Introduction The term health has had and still has many different meanings. To the Athenians, physical education was necessary to achieve all-around mental, moral, and physical excellence. Greek philosophers were "seekers and lovers of wisdom". Gravity. Historically, philosophy encompassed all bodies of knowledge and a practitioner was known as a philosopher. Birth of Philosophy . 11. STUDY. Foundation of Western Civilization . Health, physical education, physical activity, obesity, motor skills. The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Philosophy of Physical Education. The Greek philosopher well understood the importance of physical fitness. Department of Philosophy, Institute of African Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria . Three ancient cultures are of particular importance to development of physical education. The first thing you should know about sports training in ancient Greece is that it wasn’t for gym bunnies. The first word, philo, means “love.” ... branches of philosophy are metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic. They broke away from the tradition of mythological explanations, and embarked on an interpretation largely based on reasoning and evidence. Aristotle (/ˈærɪˌstɒtəl/;  Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC)  was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece. The Academy. The word philosophy is derived from two Greek words. Not separately, one for the soul and the other for the body, but for the two together. From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century, "natural philosophy" encompassed astronomy, medicine, and physics. He was, after all, an athlete, particularly skilled as a wrestler. Chapter 3: Ancient Greece and the Shape of Modern Sport and Physical Education: Power of the Past in the Present and Future . Created by. why do we Philosophize? “Happiness resides not in possessions, and not in gold, happiness dwells in the soul.” – Democritus. Ancient Greece saw the rise of a plethora of philosophers. Match. Evidence of physical education as a discipline can be traced to the early Greeks. Accused and convicted of corrupting the youth, […] While these early civilizations valued physical development to varying degrees, they are all worthy of examination within a sport and physical education context.In ancient Athens, the all-around citizen was valued. We do know, for example, that the Greek discussed the importance of a healthy body, so determining the importance of physical activity was never an actual challenge. 1. Aristotle saw physical education as more than an activity alone. Physical education didn't begin to be taught in schools in the United States until the 1800s, when gymnastics first formed part of some schools' curriculum. Once the fall of the Roman Empire happened it became what was known as the dark ages for physical education (Siedentop 25). Answer: A. It was an important part in … Terms in this set (23) Greek Influence. Various domestic German names also exist for the term physical education (PE) with different purposes of education in German school history. They studied and analyzed the world around them using logic and reason. 18) The impact of Plato’s dualism on educational philosophy in general and physical education in … The traditions of inquiry they began were to continue orienting philosophy for two and a half millennia. The Philosophy of Physical Education and Sport from Ancient Times to the Enlightenment Duygu Harmandar Demirel1* and Ibrahim Yıldıran2 1 Dumlupinar University, Turkey 2 Gazi University, Turkey *E-mail: [email protected] As an academic discipline, the philosophy of sport has been in existence for a relatively short period.  Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The contemporary philosopher (and self-admitted sports nut) Colin McGinn points out that physical education should be a lifelong pursuit. Greeks would never let women partake in physical education, but the Romans were not quite as harsh letting them occasionally do dancing or light exercise. Ani Casimir . iii PREFACE The purpose of this paper in to study the philosophies of two civilized cultures, ancient Greece and the twentieth century United States, with special reference to their philosophies of physical … John Dewey was born in Vermont in 1859.
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